Automated Secure Alarm Protocol (ASAP)
ASAP to PSAP Background
In 2005, APCO International and the Central Station Alarm Association (CSAA) partnered to develop an exchange that will be consistently used by CAD providers and central station alarm companies for PSAPs to increase efficiency and decrease errors. The first beta site for the initial test project was York County, Virginia, Dept. of Fire and Life Safety, Emergency Communications Division. Vector Security participated in the electronic alarm exchange. The second beta site was the city of Richmond, Virginia, Division of Emergency Communications. The first data template was successfully completed October 2004.An Alerts Working Team was formed in 2006 to begin the External Alert 2.0 IEPD Development. This team was formed by the IJIS Public Safety Technical Standards Committee (IPSTSC) to create external alerts and requests-for-service IEPD using the GJXDM standard.
Following a two year development effort which included extensive testing, the Alarm Interface Alarm Exchange went live in July 2006. The City of Richmond's Police Division of Emergency Communications authorized a development partnership with York County. In July 2008, the data requirements for Alarm 3.0 IEPD were finalized and in August the IEPD was completed. Mappings were changed from GJXDM to NIEM 2.0. This effort to upgrade the IEPD was sponsored by the Public Safety Data Interoperability (PSDI) Program, funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) and co-managed by APCO International and IJIS Institute. The document was then submitted by the APCO Data Transfer Committee through the APCO ANS process and approved by ANSI January 15, 2009. The standard was known as APCO/CSAA ANS 2.101.1-2008 Alarm Monitoring Company to PSAP CAD External Alarm Interface Exchange.
In 2011, Nlets, the International Justice & Public Safety Network, recommended the development of a CSAA-managed Message Broker to operate the ASAP Message Broker web service. By the end of calendar year 2011, schema 3.3 was completed to facilitate additional data fields required for routing purposes through the Message Broker. Schema 3.3 was piloted by Vector Security and the City of Richmond VA in April 2012. The project was rebranded the Automated Secure Alarm Protocol or “ASAP”. Today, all ASAP participating organizations must utilize schema 3.3 or greater due to the transport layer requirements.
The ANS was renewed on August 5, 2014 to include a re-designation and additional schema fields. The renewed standard is Alarm Monitoring Company to Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP) Computer-aided Dispatch (CAD) Automated Secure Alarm Protocol (ASAP) APCO/CSAA ANS 2.101.2-2014.
As of September, 2014, in addition to York County VA and the city of Richmond VA, the project had expanded to 9-1-1 PSAPs at the City of Houston TX, James City County VA, Tempe AZ, Washington DC, and Morgan County AL. At least thirteen alarm monitoring companies were actively participating and thirty alarm monitoring companies had signed a contract with the CSAA to begin their participation, including eight of the largest eleven alarm monitoring central stations. The number of ASAP-related transactions has accumulated into the hundreds of thousands.